What you need to know about H1B Program and SOC Codes
The American elections had kept the world storming with the news. As promised by the winning Republican party and the much sought after candidate Donald Trump, America is witnessing the plethora of unprecedented changes, whether it is about Environment Protection Agency, Intelligence agencies, Anti-abortion movement or U.S. Labor Commission,.
Now that the American administration is undergoing changes in alignment to the campaign promises of the Republicans, the country, and the world are constantly changing with one step at a time. In the effort to maximize employment possibilities of native American citizens, the rules and regulations for H1 B Visa for non-immigrant workers have been revised and reformulated, only to become merit-based.
If you are also in dilemma about what to interpret from all the news updates on the changes in the issuance of an H1B visa, read on and find out all that you should know about it!
What is a visa?
A visa is a legal endorsement given on a passport to allow the holder to enter, stay and exit a country for a time period specified for the stated purpose. Catering to different needs of the people, there are various categories of visa like tourist visa, work visa, travel visa, transit visa etc.
What is an H-1B visa?
An H-1B visa comes in the category of work visa. It is given to non-immigrant workers intending to work in the United States of America for a pre-stated period of time. It is issued under the immigration and Nationality Act, section 101(a)(17)(H) and facilitates the corporate employers based at U.S. to hire foreign expertise temporarily for exclusive occupational requirements.
Who gets an H-1B visa?
A non-immigrant worker (or an employer on their behalf) looking forward to work in the United States is supposed to fill a request for an H-1B category of visa. To get such visa, one is expected to fill a form known as Labor Commission application Form. This form demands the corresponding Job Title and Standard Occupation Codes be mentioned and approved by the concerned authorities.
What are Standard Occupation Codes?
The United States of America has an extremely structured categorization system for classifying various existing occupations, called Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. It was established in 1977 for the convenience of both the employers and the employees and has been updated as per the dynamics of the world economy.
From fishing to healthcare, military to education, construction or computation, each occupation has an individual SOC attached to it. Although there are more than 800 assigned codes, some occupations still do not have one for them.
Why is the world worried?
Ever since the incumbent American Government announced the changes in criteria of qualification for H-1B visa, the fraternity of non-immigrant workers across the world is feeling apprehensive and perturbed. Also, the companies which are H-1B dependent are gauging the waters.
It is so because the past years have experienced all kinds of workers entering the country and working for listed as well as unlisted occupations. While the government intends to maximize the employment opportunities for Americans, the visa will now be granted only for the occupations listed under Specialty Occupation Codes. For instance, a non-immigrant worker may not be hired for mowing your lawn but a meritorious researcher or a corporate will be welcomed with open arms.
It appears as if the American Administration is making the visa issuance more merit oriented instead of acceptance oriented.
The areas which are beyond the clutches of rules are the ones belonging to STEM i.e.
All you need to focus on is, adding value to your skill and reach the levels of excellence. After all,
No door is a closed door for brilliance!
Should you be worried?
At this time, when the air is full of doubts and the peers are telling each other that America is no more an option to pursue working, here is a good news. There is a schematic (long) list of occupations that qualifies for getting an H-1B visa.
You are totally eligible for an H-1B visa if the employment you are seeking falls under the following categories:
1. Architecture, Engineering, And SurveyingArchitectural Occupations, Aeronautical Engineering Occupations, Electrical/ Electronics Engineering, Civil Engineering, Ceramic Engineering Occupations, Mechanical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Mining And Petroleum Engineering, Metallurgy And Metallurgical Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Agricultural Engineering, Marine Engineering, Nuclear Engineering, Drafters, Surveying/ Cartographic occupations
2. Occupations In Mathematics And Physical SciencesOccupations In Mathematics, Astronomy, Chemistry, Physics, Geology, Meteorology
3. Computer Science & IT, and Telecom Occupations
Occupations In Systems Analysis And Programming, Data Communications And Networks, Computer System User Support, Computer System Technical Support
4. Occupations In Life Sciences
Occupations In Agricultural Sciences, Biological Sciences, Psychology
5. Occupations In Medicine And Health
Physicians And Surgeons, Osteopaths, Dentists, Veterinarians, Pharmacists, Registered Nurses, Therapists, Dietitians, Occupations In Medical And Dental Technology
6. Occupations In Education & Research
Occupations In College And University Education, Secondary School Education, Preschool, Primary School and Kindergarten Education, Education Of Persons With Disabilities, Home Economists And Farm Advisers, Occupations In Vocational Education
7. Occupations in Writing and LanguagesWriters, Editors, Occupations in Publication, Broadcast, And Script
8. Occupations in Finance and Administrative Specializations
Accountants, Auditors, And Related Occupations, Budget And Management Systems Analysis Occupations, Purchasing Management Occupations, Sales And Distribution Management Occupations, Advertising Management Occupations, Public Relations Management Occupations, Personnel Administration Occupations, Inspectors And Investigators, Managerial And Public Service
9. Occupations in Business Management & Administration
Agriculture, Forestry And Fishing Industry Managers And Officials, Mining Industry Managers And Officials, Construction Industry Managers And Officials, Manufacturing Industry Managers And Officials, Transportation, Communication, And Utilities Industry Managers And Officials, Wholesale And Retail Trade Managers And Officials, Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Managers And OfficialsService Industry Managers And Officials, Public Administration Managers And Officials
10. OTHER Specialty Occupations as listed below
Occupations In Economics, Political Science, History, Sociology, Anthropology, Social Sciences, Librarians, Archivists, Museum Curators And Related Occupations, Archival Sciences, Lawyers, Judges, Law And Jurisprudence, Clergy, Religion And Theology, Commercial Artists: Designers And Illustrators, Graphic Arts, Environmental, Product, Other Occupations In Art and Music, Entertainment And Recreation, Occupations In Social And Welfare Work, Miscellaneous Professional, Technical, And Managerial Occupations, Sales Promotion Occupations, Fashion Models
After that long a list, do you think you should worry? We suggest, don't!